Vaccination is the use of a vaccine to boost the immune system’s ability to fight a specific infection. Each vaccine contains a small amount of a specific virus or bacteria that is enough to help the immune system recognize that infection so that when you get in contact with the infection in the future, your body can fight the virus for you. Various vaccines can invoke certain manifestations as a result of the small amount of the pathogen in it, but very rarely does it trigger a severe health issue.
Common Side Effects Of Vaccines include:
- Mild fever
- Muscle aches
- Pain and swelling in the area of shots
- Redness around the area where shots were given
The benefit of vaccinations outweighs the side effects. Vaccines preserve life and prevent diseases that can be prevented. Vaccinations is not only for children, but it is also for adults.
Which Vaccines Should Adults Get?
Here are the common vaccines recommended for adults:
TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria, And Pertussis)
Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough) are serious disorders. It is recommended for everyone to be vaccinated against these infections, especially pregnant women and immunosuppressed patients.
Is TDAP really necessary?
Yes, according to CDC, Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (pertussis) vaccination is recommended for everyone.
Here are the recommendations:
- It is recommended to take Tetanus and Diphtheria every ten years.
- If you work with infants, take TDAP 2 weeks before contact with them.
- Pregnant women are recommended to take vaccines between the 27th and 36th week of pregnancy.
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a prevalent, sexually transmitted infection that leads to genital warts, cervical cancer in women, and penile cancer in men. It is taken in 3 doses. The 2nd dose is taken a month after the 1st dose, and the last dose is taken six months from the 1st dose.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendations, according to CDC:
- It is recommended for women younger than 26 years old and men who are less than 21 years of age.
- Children can take the HPV vaccine by age 11 or 12 years old.
Influenza (flu) is a yearly infection of the upper respiratory tract that is very common in the winter season. The risk of having flu can be reduced significantly by taking a yearly flu shot. Here are signs and symptoms of the flu (influenza)
Influenza (flu) vaccine recommendations, according to CDC:
- It is recommended for people of all ages, especially for pregnant women and immunocompromised patients.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
Hepatitis B virus is a serious infectious agent that damages the liver. There is no cure for it. Therefore vaccination is the next best thing to take to protect your health. Hepatitis B vaccine is taken in 3 doses.
Hepatitis B vaccine recommendations, according to CDC:
Hepatitis B is recommended for everyone, especially for those who are at a high risk of getting infected. Such risks are:
- Having unprotected sex with an infected person.
- IV drug use (sharing needles with others).
- The infant born to infected mother
- Those who work with needles and other sharp objects
- Having multiple sexual partners.
- People with chronic liver disease or end-stage renal failure
- Travelers (going to areas known to have high hepatitis B rate)
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) are 3 of the most highly contagious infections in the world. Rubella is one of the leading risk factors of congenital heart defects and other birth defects. MMR vaccine is taken as a single dose, but if a 2nd dose is recommended, the interval between the 1st dose and the 2nd dose is 28 days.
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine, according to CDC:
- It is recommended for those who have never been vaccinated.
- Those who have never had measles before (any evidence of immunity)
- Those with well-controlled HIV/AIDS.
- Those who are exposed to measles while still not fully immunized
What are contraindications for adult vaccinations?
A vaccine should not be given when there is a contraindication, for instance:
- Those who are allergic to any of the above-recommended vaccines.
- Human papillomavirus is contraindicated in pregnant women.
Measles, Mumps, Rubella vaccine is contraindicated in:
- pregnant women
- Immunocompromised patients such as those on chemotherapy, uncontrolled HIV patients or on other immune-suppressive drugs
- Chronically sick
- Recent use of other vaccines or a recent transfusion of blood