What is Alcoholism?
Alcoholism is a condition in which the body becomes dependent on alcohol. A person with alcoholism will continue to drink even when it results in health problems, trouble with the law, breakup, or divorce.
Alcoholism is also known a severe alcohol use disorder; it is an increase in the intake of alcohol to achieve your desired effect to the point of loss of control over the amount of alcohol consumed, the ability to not eat, sneaking alcohol to your work, events or school, embarrassing yourself among your drinking friends or sipping liquor in the morning.
Alcohol Addicts are often not aware of their addiction. Usually, the first clues are discerned by family members or friends. In some instances, people can reduce and control the amount of alcohol they consumed. But most alcoholics can’t desist from drinking on their own, and they need help.
What Are the Symptoms of Alcoholism?
Here are the sign and symptoms of alcoholism:
- Hallucinations (Seeing things that are not real)
- Loss of balance
- Reduce of appetite
- Lack of motivation
- Boozing before, during, or after meals.
- Having temporary memory loss
- Displaying the signs of irritability and severe mood swings
- Being unable to control and limit the amount of alcohol intake
- Having nausea, sweating, or shivering when not drinking
- Loss of coordination
- Depressed mood
- Muscle weakness
- Acts of violence or crime under the influence
- Craving for alcohol
- Drinking in secret or alone
- Trembling or shaking hands
- Unusual behavior such as isolating and distant yourself from friends and family members
- Low level of personal hygiene
- Frequent binge drinking
- Continue drinking even though it has generated problems with your relationships, finances, or work
- Poor performance at work or school
- Being arrested a bunch of times for driving while drunk
How Is alcoholism Diagnosed?
Your physician will check you and ask you a question about your health history. They may also direct you to perform blood and urine tests to detect your alcohol consumption.
Treatment of alcoholism
Acamprosate (Campral) can be used to help reduce the urge to drink. Most alcoholics people need to undergo detoxification to get their bodies clean from alcohol. Detoxification with medications (Chlordiazepoxide) usually lasts 4 to 7 days. After that, the person needs long-term rehabilitation, support groups, and psychological therapy to avoid returning to alcohol.
Complications of alcoholism
Alcoholism can cause many problems, such as:
- Liver disease
- Short-term memory loss
- Mental illness
- Depression and anxiety
- Stomach ulcers
- Disrupt your menstrual cycle
- Domestic abuse, suicide, trouble with the law and homelessness
- Nerve damage
- Weak eye muscles
- Vision loss
- Certain cancers such as the esophagus, liver, colon, mouth, rectum, breast, bowel, and prostate cancers.
- Insomnia (difficulty sleeping)
- Erectile dysfunction
If you’re anxious and concerned about your drinking, you should get help. Talk to your doctor or family members.