In recent years, blood diseases continue to remain one of the most aggressive, life-threatening conditions in the world. Blood disorders are described as blood diseases or hematological diseases.
Everyone should know how to recognize the indications of a blood disorder’s disease and what to do to receive adequate medical care if they have any manifestations of the blood disease.
We at Mayor Boss wrote down some of the signs of blood disorder so you can know the indications. So without further ado, let’s see the symptoms.
Early diagnosis of blood disorders gives a better chance that the disease can be stopped before incurable changes occur in the body.
Blood disorders symptoms
Blood disorders often cause symptoms that can likewise occur with other diseases. Patients with blood disorders may experience the following symptoms:
1. Fatigue: is a feeling of extreme tiredness with low motivation or energy and a desire to sleep that affects your normal everyday activities such as going to work, school, or only having a meal. In hematological disease, fatigue occurs due to low oxygen to various organs and tissues, as seen with anemic patients.
2. Muscle weakness: is reduced muscle strength that leads to the inability to carry out basic physical daily tasks.
3. Shortness of breath (dyspnea, air hunger): This occurs due to reducing oxygen saturation in the lungs.
4. Cold extremities: Due to poor circulation. An example of a blood disease with this symptom is anemia.
5. Chest pain: A sharp or dull discomfort in the chest due to reducing blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscles. Examples of blood causes of chest pain are anemia and deep vein thrombosis.
6. Dizziness or lightheadedness occurs from decreased oxygen saturation to the brain either by the formation of a blood clot in vessels as seen in primary thrombocytosis, or decreases oxygen due to anemia.
7. Fever: is the body’s way of expressing the presence of an infection or a disease in the body. Leukemia and Lymphoma are significant causes of fever in hematological diseases.
8. Recurrent infections occur due to a decrease in white blood cells for proper immune function.
9. Bleeding: is a result of low platelets or low blood-clotting factors preventing blood from clotting. Bleeding can occur from any organ or tissue in the body; the most obvious ones to the patient are:
- Nose bleeds
- Bleeding from gums
- Excessive bleeding from a small cut that does not match the injury
- Hematuria (blood in urine)
- Bloody stool
- Hemoptysis (coughing out blood)
10. Dactylitis (swollen fingers, sausage digits): is inflammation of the digits. This is a major pathognomic sign of sickle cell anemia. In the sickle cell, this occurs from the accumulation of sickle-shaped blood cells in the vessels of the fingers preventing proper blood circulation. It is a manifestation of a vaso-occlusive crisis.
11. Bone pain: in hematological diseases, bone pain is mainly seen in cancer of the blood (Leukemias), which occurs due to the overcrowding done by the cancerous cells in the bone marrow.
12. Easy bruising: occur as a result of the absent or reduced amount of blood clotting factors or weakened vessels. Examples of diseases with easy bruising are acute lymphoblastic leukemia, von Willebrand disease, hemophilia, and Lymphoma.
13. Headache: is the sharp or dull sensation of the head. In hematology, Headaches can be caused by iron deficiency anemia, pernicious anemia, sickle cell anemia, and any clotting disorder that causes blood clot formation in cerebral vein.
14. Plethora (reddish complexion): occurs in polycythemia vera ( a condition characterized by excess production of red blood cell)
15. Palpitations: is the audible sensation of your own heart sounds either by feeling it’s beating too fast, too hard, or skipping a beat.
16. Tachycardia: fast and rapid heartbeat
17. Prolonged wound healing: a result of thrombocytopenia.
18. Temporary memory loss: occur as a result of oxygen deficiency
19. Loss of concentration: due to oxygen deficiency
20. Tinnitus (ringing in one or both ears): seen in iron deficiency anemia
21. The pallor of the skin and mucous membrane: That because of a low amount of red blood cells.
22. Petechiae: pinpoint red skin rash caused by thrombocytopenia (reduced platelet count).
23. Pica: Craving of inedible substances such as clay, dirt, or soil.
24. Lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes)
25. Miscarriages due to blood clots formation
Blood disorders can cause serious flaws in the body. Take care of your health and always remember that the most reliable prevention of blood disease and other diseases is living a healthy lifestyle. In the presence of one or more of those symptoms, we advised that you should consult a physician for proper checkup.