What’s a celiac disease? Celiac Disease is also recognized as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an inflammatory intestinal disorder that occurs when a gluten intolerant person eats gluten.
What exactly is gluten? Gluten is a protein typically found in some kinds of food such as rye, barley, or wheat. It is a serious immune reaction to this protein that leads to uncomfortable health complaints.
A constant immune trigger causes damage to the small intestine, which leads to malabsorption of certain nutrients, the malabsorption of these nutrients leads to a deficiency of this nutrients and cause more bodily dysfunction which worsens the state of the disease.
We at Mayor Boss have put together a guide to help you recognize Celiac disease symptoms and what you should know about the condition. Anyway, let’s dive in.
Celiac disease symptoms
Here are celiac disease symptoms in children:
- Growth retardation/ failure to thrive due to malabsorption of needed nutrients for growth
- Weight loss or inability to gain weight (the child becomes underweight)
- Chronic diarrhea and /or chronic constipation alternating between both
- Abdominal pain
- Signs of dehydration: dry mucous membrane, sunken eyeballs, pale skin, dry skin and absence of tears when crying
- Irritability (child find it difficult to stand still or sit still)
- Problems with the color of tooth and shape of the tooth
- Red pinpoint Skin rash
Here are celiac disease symptoms In adults:
- Iron-deficiency Anemia: pale skin with fragile nails, pica (craving inedible substance such as clay)
- Itchy dry skin
- Chronic diarrhea
- Weight loss /lack of appetite
- Sharp abdominal pain
- Fatigue (extreme weakness)
- Osteoporosis and Bone pain
- Mouth sores
- Pin and needles (paresthesia)
- Problems with coordination
Celiac disease diagnosis
Diagnosis of Celiac Disease, including:
- Serology to check for elevated antibodies
- Genetic testing for Human leukocyte antigens (HLA- DQ2 and HLA-DQ8)
- Endoscopy and biopsy
What happens if celiac disease is left untreated?
Untreated celiac disease can lead to issues such as :
- Children with low birth weight
- Increased risk of intestinal cancer
- Osteoporosis (weakened bones)
Living with celiac disease
Each person’s body varies. However, a gluten-free diet for life is the most suitable treatment for celiac. Therefore, living with celiac disease is to manage the condition by mainly lifestyle modifications and management of symptoms
Avoid food with gluten in them, such as:
- Wheat, such as bread, semolina, farina, noodles (those made from buckwheat)
- Malt/malt flavoring/malt vinegar
- Some Fast food French fries because they are coated with flour
- Salad dressing
- Soy sauce
- Baked beans
- Ice cream
- Energy bars
- Trail mix
- Flour tortillas
Avoid products that have gluten in them, such as :
- Some medications( some vitamins and supplements)
- Lip balm
Fun Facts About Celiac Disease:
- Celiac Disease is more general in people with a family history of celiac, type 1 diabetes, Turner syndrome, Down syndrome, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
- Dermatitis herpetiformis (chronic, itchy bumps, and blisters) is a Common skin disease associated with celiac disease.
- Hyposplenism is a pretty common factor in untreated celiac disease
- Lactose intolerance develops over time in people with celiac disease.