Signs and Symptoms of Celiac Disease


What’s a celiac disease? Celiac Disease is also recognized as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an inflammatory intestinal disorder that occurs when a gluten intolerant person eats gluten.

What exactly is gluten? Gluten is a protein typically found in some kinds of food such as rye, barley, or wheat. It is a serious immune reaction to this protein that leads to uncomfortable health complaints. 

Celiac Disease can be triggered by pregnancy, childbirth, infection (mostly viral), triggered after surgery, or severe emotional stress

A constant immune trigger causes damage to the small intestine, which leads to malabsorption of certain nutrients, the malabsorption of these nutrients leads to a deficiency of this nutrients and cause more bodily dysfunction which worsens the state of the disease. 

We at Mayor Boss have put together a guide to help you recognize Celiac disease symptoms and what you should know about the condition. Anyway, let’s dive in.

Celiac disease symptoms

Here are celiac disease symptoms in children: 

  • Growth retardation/ failure to thrive due to malabsorption of needed nutrients for growth
  • Weight loss or inability to gain weight (the child becomes underweight)
  • Vomiting
  • Chronic diarrhea and /or chronic constipation alternating between both
  • Bloating
  • Flatulence 
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weakness
  • Signs of dehydration: dry mucous membrane, sunken eyeballs, pale skin, dry skin and absence of tears when crying
  • Irritability (child find it difficult to stand still or sit still)
  • Problems with the color of tooth and shape of the tooth
  • Red pinpoint Skin rash

Here are celiac disease symptoms In adults:

  • Iron-deficiency Anemia: pale skin with fragile nails, pica (craving inedible substance such as clay)
  • Itchy dry skin
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Weight loss /lack of appetite
  • Sharp abdominal pain
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Flatulence
  • Fatigue (extreme weakness)
  • Depression
  • Osteoporosis and Bone pain
  • Mouth sores
  • Headache
  • Pin and needles (paresthesia)
  • Problems with coordination

Celiac disease diagnosis

Diagnosis of Celiac Disease, including:

  • Serology to check for elevated antibodies
  • Genetic testing for Human leukocyte antigens (HLA- DQ2 and HLA-DQ8)
  • Endoscopy and biopsy 

What happens if celiac disease is left untreated?

 Untreated celiac disease can lead to issues such as :

  • Children with low birth weight
  • Increased risk of intestinal cancer
  • Malnutrition
  • Osteoporosis (weakened bones)
  • Infertility
  • Miscarriage
  • Seizures

Living with celiac disease

Each person’s body varies. However, a gluten-free diet for life is the most suitable treatment for celiac. Therefore, living with celiac disease is to manage the condition by mainly lifestyle modifications and management of symptoms

Avoid food with gluten in them, such as:

  • Barley
  • Bulgur
  • Wheat, such as bread, semolina, farina, noodles (those made from buckwheat)
  • Rye
  • Malt/malt flavoring/malt vinegar
  • Milkshakes
  • Cookies
  • Soup
  • Some Fast food French fries because they are coated with flour
  • Mayonnaise
  • Ketchup
  • Salad dressing
  • Soy sauce
  • Sausage
  • Gravy
  • Baked beans
  • Cereals
  • Cakes 
  • Pies
  • Pancakes
  • Waffles
  • Hotdog
  • Ice cream
  • Energy bars
  • Trail mix
  • Vodka
  • Beer
  • Couscous
  • Candies
  • Flour tortillas

Avoid products that have gluten in them, such as :

  • Lipsticks
  • Some medications( some vitamins and supplements)
  • Shampoos
  • Lip balm
  • Immunosuppressant 
  • Corticosteroid

Fun Facts About Celiac Disease:

  • Celiac Disease is more general in people with a family history of celiac, type 1 diabetes, Turner syndrome, Down syndrome, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis (chronic, itchy bumps, and blisters) is a Common skin disease associated with celiac disease.
  • Hyposplenism is a pretty common factor in untreated celiac disease
  • Lactose intolerance develops over time in people with celiac disease.