Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder defined by too much mucus production, which can affect the lungs, digestive problems, and digestive system, beginning from infancy or early childhood. Over the years, this thick mucus will build up inside the airways, making it difficult to breathe. Not to mention, it can lead to damage or bacterial infections in the affected organs.
To date, there is no cure for cystic fibrosis, but with a proper diet and improve mucus expectoration can help the quality of life.
In this article, Mayor Boss wants to share with you some symptoms of cystic fibrosis. The signs and symptoms hinge on the intensity of the sickness, and it can vary from person to person.
The common symptoms of cystic fibrosis
1. Persistent coughing
Chronic cough frequently occurs in patients with cystic fibrosis. This persistent cough will produce thick mucus. People who have cystic fibrosis normal describe two kinds of cough. One is a productive cough correlated with exacerbations, and the second is dry cough, usually related by irritation in the throat.
Wheezing is a high-pitched whistling sound that you usually make when you breathe, although, in severe states, it can be heard when you inhale. People who have cystic fibrosis wheeze due to thicker, stickier mucus (sputum) in the wall of their airways. On the contrary, there are a variety of treatments that can help reduce wheezing.
3. Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath or breathlessness can be described as inconvenience or difficulty with breathing. As indicated earlier, people with CF frequent suffer from lung infections as well as reduced lung function resulting in shortness of breath. It is well recommended to visit a doctor if you experience any shortness of breath because it can likewise mean other lung diseases or an abnormal heart function.
4. Constipation, diarrhea, frequent digestion problems
Cystic fibrosis can cause severe complications with digestion leading to symptoms such as greasy and bulky stools, constipation, frequent and/or painful bowel movements, swollen abdomen, bloating, and even nausea. That’s because the sticky mucus can prevent food from passing effortlessly, causing digestion problems. One other thing, people with CF, can have pancreas inflamed problem due to blocked mucus, which inturns leading to the above mention digestive symptoms. Most grown-ups with CF do not gain weight as a result of a reduction in absorbed nutrients.
5. Skin that tastes very salty
Salty-tasting skin is a noticeable symptom of cystic fibrosis. People with CF have problems with salt not reabsorbed on their skin the same as their body has trouble controlling its normal salt levels. According to Dr. Catherine Shaffer, Ph.D., long before the condition of cystic fibrosis was well understood, doctors knew that salty skin in a baby was a symptom of serious illness.
6. Infertility, especially in men
Can a man with cystic fibrosis father a child? Yes, it is possible for a man with CF to father a child, but is mostly with fertility treatment. Most men (approximately 98%) with cystic fibrosis experience infertility problems. For this reason, they can be able to father a child biologically. Also, some women with this condition are more likely to experience fertility obstacles due to irregular periods or thick, sticky mucus clogging in the cervix or their fallopian tubes, which can make it more difficult for sperm to reach the egg. Regardless they can have children through fertility treatment.
Generally speaking, if you or someone you know has cystic fibrosis, talk with a physician about testing for the disease. Early treatment can improve a person’s quality of life and help them live longer.