When the word “dementia” is mention, it sends chills down the spine, that’s because of its connection with degenerative brain conditions, and memory loss which is so terrifying. As many adults aged over 60 have dementia.
What is Dementia?
Dementia is a deterioration in memory and other mental skills such as thinking, remembering, language skills, and decision-making abilities. The loss of memory will interfere severely with a person’s daily life and activities.
Some persons who have dementia are not able to control their emotions, and their characters may change so poorly, which can cause stress for families.
When a family member is diagnosed with dementia, the impact on the entire family can be devastating. That’s because there are many decisions to make about therapy, living care, finances, and end-of-life care. As a result, family arguments are familiar.
Notwithstanding the adverse outcomes of this condition, there are plenty of ways for both patients and their loved ones to sustain a meaningful life.
What are the main cause of dementia?
The leading causes of dementia can vary, according to the types of brain changes. The two principal causes of dementia are Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia.
However, not all incidents of dementia are due to brain loss, some conditions such as hypothyroidism, vitamin B12 deficiency, long-time alcohol or drug use, and infections like meningitis or encephalitis — also traumatic brain lesions caused by car accidents, concussions, etc.
What are the five types of dementia?
There are multiple different types of dementia that are correlated with various conditions. But will are going to take a look at the most common ones.
1. Alzheimer’s Disease: The most popular condition connected with dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is a brain dysfunction known for gradually damaging a person’s memory and ability to manage easy tasks.
2. Vascular Dementia: This is second most common types of dementia after Alzheimer’s. People can develop these types of dementia after a damage blood vessels block the circulation of blood to the brain. Certain factors increase the risk of vascular dementia such as:
- High blood pressure
- History of mild strokes
- High cholesterol
3. Parkinson’s Disease: This condition is caused by degeneration and death of cells in a particular part of the brain. This is another terrible condition connected with old age that causes memory loss. Also, young people are at risk incurring this condition through genetic inheritance.
The symptoms usually begin in the hands before expanding to other parts of the body.
4. Lewy Body Dementia: This is one of the various common causes of dementia. It can point to difficulties with thinking, movement, performance, hallucinations, behavior, and mood. Lewy body dementia occurs as an outcome of protein coats in the nerve cells, which hinders the relaying of chemical information within the brain.
5. Fronto-Temporal Dementia: Contrary to most of the different types of dementia, this frontotemporal dementia can start a lot earlier, striking adults in their mid-forties. This types mostly affect the front and sides of the brain, cause trouble with behavior and language. Symptoms of frontotemporal dementia varying from speech difficulties, loss of empathy, poor judgment, change in character and mood, socially inappropriate behavior, and lack of inhibition.
What are the first sign of dementia?
In general, the symptoms of dementia, including having difficulties with memory, understanding language, having hallucinations and decision-making abilities, changes in mood, such as increased irritability, anxiety, depression.
They also include changes in personality and behavior, such as becoming extra aggressive or misbehaving leading to physical attacks.
Can dementia be cured?
There is no cure for dementia. Although there are remedies, treatments, and procedures that help slow down the condition and function as well as possible. These include drug therapy like acetylcholinesterase, inhibitors, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and memantine hydrochloride. Which help reduce the confusion and mental imbalance, agitation, hallucinations, and other symptoms.
In addition to treatment with medication, non-medical remedies include diet, physiotherapy, professional therapy, support groups, and speech therapy can also help maintain symptoms.