Glaucoma is the second most well-known cause of blindness. It usually affects people later in life, although blindness from glaucoma can frequently be prevented with initial treatment.
What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma is eye disorders that harm the optic nerve and becomes worse over time. This regularly occurs when the fluid pressure inside the eyes gently increases and damages the optic nerve. When the optic nerve is damaged, it creates vision loss and blindness.
In most cases of glaucoma, the individual will lose vision from the edges of the eye first, eventually moving to the complete eye.
Which type of glaucoma is the most serious?
There are four leading types of glaucoma: open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, developmental glaucoma, and secondary glaucoma.
This is the most popular form of glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma when fluid drains exceptionally slowly, and pressure inside the eye builds up.
As for the most serious glaucoma is primary angle-closure glaucoma, this type occurs when the drainage canals of the eye become blocked. If the angle closes abruptly, the symptoms are critical and tense may include eye pain, blurred vision, severe headaches, vomiting, or seeing rainbow-like halos lights. Urgent treatment is required to prevent optic nerve damage and eyesight loss.
What are the signs of glaucoma?
Majority of people with glaucoma do not see any warning signs or manifestations until they begin to have significant vision loss. As the disease advances, they may start to have sudden extreme eye pain, more headache, and blurred vision. Other symptoms usually are seeing colored haloes around lights, redness in the eye and, watery eyes, nausea, and vomiting.
You should seek urgent attention from an ophthalmologist if you undergo any of the symptoms associated with glaucoma.
What is the best treatment for glaucoma?
There is no remedy for glaucoma, but can usually be managed. An initial approach can help protect the eyes against vision loss. It is generally controlled with prescription eyedrop. Also, laser surgery for glaucoma is the initial treatment alternative available outside of medication, depending on the severity of glaucoma. The surgery procedure helps restore vision and remove the pressure inside the eyes.
Lastly, it is always safe to take any prescribed eye drops or medications administered by your doctor to treat glaucoma during the early stages. Also if you are adults aged over 50 or have a family history of glaucoma, you should get a yearly eye exam to check for glaucoma, because glaucoma typically provokes few or no symptoms at all, Remember: if diagnosed early and treated, glaucoma can be controlled.
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