HIV is a virus of the immune system that causes AIDS. It attacks the immune system until it destroys it.
Many people have no symptoms in the immediate aftermath of HIV infection. Some, however, have flu-like symptoms that occur 1-2 months after exposure to the virus. (1)
They may suffer from headaches, fever, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, and tiredness.
These symptoms appear because of your immune system, trying to fight and eliminate the virus.
These symptoms ordinarily disappear within a few weeks or one month and are very often mistaken for another viral infection.
During this time, the HIV infection may not show up on some types of HIV tests, but the person who has it is highly infectious and can spread the virus to others.
Besides severe or severe symptoms may not appear for ten or more years after the attack of HIV in the body.
It is also sure to bear in mind that not every patient is going to have symptoms.
What Is Usually The Early Sign Of HIV?
- Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
- Breathing problems and persistent coughing
- Skin Rashes
- Regular fatigue and headache
- Rapid weight loss (No matter how much you eat)
- Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
- Night sweats and high fevers with diarrhea
Some people may start to have these seven early signs symptoms only after a few months, while others may seem healthy for more than ten years.
During this time, HIV is very active, spoiling, and killing the immune system cells.
As the immune system deteriorates, several complications begin to appear.
One of the first symptoms, experienced by many of those with HIV infection, is lymph node enlargement that lasts for more than three months.
Other symptoms are often occurring months or years before the onset of AIDS (the most advanced stages of HIV infection).
In this stage, the number of your CD4 T-Cells becomes very low, and you may also have more frequent symptoms include general weakness, unexplained weight loss, recurring fever episodes, notice swollen lymph nodes in your groin or neck. (2)
And also constant sweating, recurrent mycotic infections (vaginal or oral), rash or persistent skin dryness, yeast infections in the throat, vagina, or mouth, Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) that does not respond to treatment and loss of short-term memory.
Getting tested for HIV is a good idea because it allows you to make healthy decisions to avoid getting or transmitting the infection.
Since HIV infection often does not produce any immediate symptoms, the virus is mainly detected by blood testing for the presence of HIV antibodies.
These antibodies do not reach detectable levels generally until 1-3 months after the infection, and it may take up to six months for their levels to be detected by standard tests. (3)
Early diagnosis matters a lot because this allows the doctor to use some treatment options to prevent it from spreading.
There are certain anti-HIV drugs available for people to help protect themselves.
How To Prevent HIV Infection
Since there is no vaccine against HIV, the only way to prevent infection is to avoid behaviors that pose a risk of disease, such as sharing needles or having unprotected intercourse.
But it is good to know that condom is a relatively effective barrier against HIV.
Use a condom, and it reduces the risk of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Treatment Of HIV Infection
Treatment for HIV is termed antiretroviral therapy or ART.
The antiretroviral therapy (ARV) is needed to secure a decrease in the virus concentration and to be able to maintain it for a long time, prevent viral mutations, and develop resistance to treatment. (4)
If taken the right way, every day, ART can prolong the lives of a person infected with HIV, keep them healthy, and much lower their chance of infecting others.
Get tested., you should not assume you have HIV just because you have any of these symptoms. Other illnesses can cause each of these symptoms.
So getting HIV test is very valuable, there is no other way to confirm if you have HIV or not.
Considering a person living with HIV who isn’t receiving treatment can still spread the virus, even if they have no symptoms.