Leukemia is also known as a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. People that are living with Leukemia experience abnormal production of blood cells, regularly of the white cells.
The infirmity begins in the bone marrow, where the formation of new blood cells takes place.
According to Cleveland Clinic, In a patient living with leukemia, multiple white blood cells that are formed in the bone marrow usually do not mature. So those abnormal cells are described as cancerous, called leukemia cells. These cells are incapable of fighting an infection that the healthy white blood cells can defeat. Also, the abnormal cells will hinder the production of healthy blood cells.
What gender is most affected by leukemia?
Leukemia usually occurs more apparent in men than in women moreover in older people as against adults. In children, often, it happens before age 10. However, kids leukemia is a rare condition.
Leukemia is ten times more obvious in adults than in children.
What are the types of leukemia?
Leukemia’s are either acute or chronic and occurs in four types according to the change in the nature of abnormal white blood cell.
Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): This type of leukemia is a critical sort of cancer; it develops extremely fast. It produces immature white blood cells making the body’s resistance to decline so pronto.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): This is the most common sort of leukemia that usually affects adults, above age 55. It is a sort of cancer that develops slowly little by little. This leukemia starts in the bone marrow, and it spreads into the blood gradually. Also, It can expand to other parts of the body. It is a chronic sort of leukemia, so it may take years to evolve and become critical.
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML): This is a type of cancer with the excess production of immature myeloblasts. These immature cells will keep on mounting up in bone marrow.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML): This sort of cancer develops gradually. It will produce abnormal cells that will spread throughout the blood slowly. What makes this type of cancer complex is its link to DNA, which makes it a genetic disease.
What are the symptoms of leukemia?
In several cases, leukemia often develops without causing no apparent symptoms for many years. However, when the symptoms do surface, according to The Mayo Clinic, and Health Direct, they may include:
- Anemia ((Paleness and breathlessness)
- Fever or chills (shivering)
- Persistent fatigue and tiredness
- Frequent or critical infections
- Predisposed to bruising and bleeding
- Recurrent nosebleeds
- Sudden weight loss without trying
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Swollen liver or spleen
- Tiny red spots on your skin (petechiae)
- Painful or swollen gums
- Bone pain or tenderness
- Excessive sweating, mainly at midnight
How is leukemia treated?
Leukemia is common usually treated with chemotherapy, which is the uses of chemicals drugs in an endeavor to kill the cancerous cells. Other models of treatment include targeted therapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, and bone marrow transplants.
Nevertheless, treatments depend on the particular type of cancer the patient possesses.
How can leukemia be prevented?
There is no verified way to prevent leukemia, although it is advisable to stop smoking and avoid exposure to pesticides and other industrial chemicals.
Finally, If you mark any of those symptoms, it doesn’t suggest you have leukemia. However, it’s an excellent notion to see your doctor for a proper check-up.