Varicose veins are one of the most typical problems of blood vessels that affect up to three in ten adults. Most often, women are affected by the ailment more than men.
What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins are enlarged and expanded veins that bulge out of the skin – and have a bluish-purple or red color typically in the legs and feet. They usually look like cords on your legs.
When should I be concerned about varicose veins?
They usually not that serious, although they can be worrisome if they’re painful or especially severe if it causes leg ulcers, heaviness, constant aching, irritation, and swelling. If your leg is swollen or so painful, contact your doctor.
Varicose veins develop when your body’s veins stop working correctly by becoming clogged with blood, making them swollen and painful. Other likely causes include a sedentary lifestyle, standing for long periods, obesity, age, menopause, pregnancy, and family history of varicose veins.
So, how can we prevent varicose veins?
If varicose veins are not taken seriously, they can develop into Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). The pressure and swelling can progress until the blood vessels in the legs burst, which can lead to non-healing trophic ulcers, and then it will require surgery.
Experts encourage that you should follow these simple recommendations for the prevention of varicose veins, including:
- Get regular exercise. Experts advise moderate exercise such as walking, cycling, running, or swimming for roughly five times per week. Better maintain a healthy weight.
- Stand on tiptoe and stand for a several seconds
- Keep your legs elevated. Lie on your back on the sofa or on the floor, lift your legs for 10 minutes. Gravity help promotes the return flow of blood from the legs to the heart. As a result, the load on your veins is significantly reduced. The swelling will disappears.
- Massage. Gently massaging your affected leg areas to help keep the blood flowing through the veins. Make sure not to press directly onto the veins to avoid damage to the tissues.
- Avoid standing still for extended periods. If you have a sedentary lifestyle or at work, get up from your chair every 50 minutes and do a little walk, even if it is the corridor.
- Do not wear high heels and tight hosiery. Use comfortable flat shoes without high heels and try to walk barefoot as often as possible.
- If you have a standing job, wear compression stockings. You should always wear your compression stockings while you at work to help to control blood flow and reduce discomfort, including swelling.
- Avoid foods high in salt and eat foods high in fiber. Cutting down on salty food can reduce water retention and foods with high fiber aid shedding excess pounds.
- Drink enough water throughout the day.