Bacterial Vaginosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Bacterial vaginosis is one most popular vaginal inflammation among reproductive-age women. The results are vaginal discharge with a light green color, fishy smell, and itching.

Bacterial vaginosis is likewise called anaerobic vaginosis, and it causes a bacterial imbalance inside the vagina.

These bacteria are known as Gardnerella vaginalis or Mobiluncus, resulting in abnormal discharge and vaginal burning.

Is bacterial vaginosis an STD?

It’s not an STD, because the bacteria are found in the vagina of all woman. Only the imbalance of bacteria leads to green discharge.

Bacterial vaginosis is not sexually transmitted.

What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?

  1. Burning feeling when you pee
  2. The appearance of a homogeneous grayish-white vaginal discharge for a long time.
  3. The discharge has the smell of rotten fish, which increases after sexual contact.
  4. Vaginal itching

What are the Risk factors for bacterial vaginosis?

  1. Poor hygiene
  2. Frequent vaginal douching, you upset the natural balance of bacteria.
  3. Have a large number of sexual partners or frequent change of sexual partners;
  4. Not using condoms
  5. Wearing tight jeans/trousers always
  6. Low immune system.
  7. Thinning of the mucous membrane of the vagina, vaginal dryness
  8. Taking certain drugs (antibiotics, corticosteroid hormones)
  9. Anatomical defects of the vagina (scars, adhesions, contractions, etc.).
  10. Hormonal fluctuations in the body. (when puberty in girls, in women in the period of extinction of sexual function, after abortion, during pregnancy, etc.)

What is the standard treatment for bacterial vaginosis?

  1. Antibiotics are the best method of treatment. If you do not have any symptoms, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to get rid of the infection.
  2. Local antibacterial therapy. (vaginal use of ointments, creams, solutions, vaginal suppositories, etc.)
  3. Local application of lactic acid to restore the normal acidity of the vagina.
  4. Hormone therapy with estrogen. (female sex hormones) in violation of the ratio of sex hormones (estrogens).
  5. The use of bacterial drugs that add to the colonization of the vagina with lactic acid sticks. (after the end of antibiotic therapy).

How can bacterial vaginosis be prevented?

  1. Good hygiene
  2. Avoid douching to help keep bacteria balanced in the vagina and reduce the risk of bacterial vaginosis.
  3. Wash the anus and vagina every day, and wipe from front to back after urination or defecation.
  4. Always wear underwear that is made from 100 percent cotton. Do not wear clothing that is tight in the pelvic area.

Having bacterial vaginosis makes it easier for you to get an STI like herpes, chlamydia, or gonorrhea. If you already have HIV, bacterial vaginosis raises your chances of passing it on to your partner.

Final Word

While vaginal itching at night maybe something very simple or it could be a sign of something serious. If this is a new issue for you, then you should probably get checked by your doctor.