Shortness of breath is more known as difficulty breathing and is medically known as dyspnea. It is normal to seem frightened when you find it challenging to inhale sufficient air. Now let’s talk about this in more detail.
If you experience shortness of breath after doing complex exercise or when you’re rushing to work after running late, this is usually normal. However, if you experience shortness of breath when you sit on your sofa or couch, or you cannot climb the staircase, or doing your normal activities like walking to another room. This may signal that something unhealthy is happening to your body.
We at Mayor Boss decided to take a look at the medical causes of shortness of breath, so it can help you understand what’s happening to your body.
Shortness of breath is identified by a feeling of suffocation or an excessive tightening in your chest and the need for more air, according to the Mayo Clinic. It will be proper for us to recognized the symptoms before we head directly to the medical causes.
Here are the symptoms of shortness of breath
- Difficult to inhale and exhale
- Tightness in your chest
- Breathing through mouth
- A feeling of lack of air
- Increased heartbeat
- Difficulty to speak due to breathing very fast
- Difficulty breathing when lying down
- Weakness and wheezing
- Dizziness that feel like fainting
Shortness of breath can happen with mild chest pain may be a symptom of severe medical problems.
Here are the causes of shortness of breath
The medical causes of shortness of breath are related to numerous conditions, including:
- Heart failure
- Heart attack
- Valvular heart disease
- Excess fluid around the heart (pericardial effusion)
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Carbon monoxide poisoning
- A blood clot in an artery in the lung (pulmonary embolism)
- Interstitial lung disease
- Chronic bronchitis
- Collapsed lung (pneumothorax)
- Low blood pressure
- Heart arrhythmias
- Blockage in the breathing passage
- Pulmonary fibrosis
- Diastolic dysfunction
- Lung Cancer
- Chest injuries
- Damage of lung tissue
- Problems with the lung sac
Non-medical causes of shortness of breath, including:
- Panic attacks
- Carbon monoxide poisoning
- Anxiety Disorder
- a severe allergic reaction
- Regular abuse of alcohol can provoke shortness of breath
Treatment of shortness of breath
As we found out, the way to treat shortness of breath depends entirely on its cause. For example, people with asthma or COPD may have bronchodilators inhaled to use when required. Those with pneumonia will use antibiotics. If you are allergic, avoid contact with allergens (food, dust, animal, pollen). If you smoke, you need to stop. Avoid inhaling chemicals that can intensify your lungs.
Also, the most vital initial step to take if you have shortness of breath is to make sure you are getting sufficient air to provide your tissues with the oxygen your body needs. If the shortness of breath lasts more than 10 minutes, or it alters your ability to function, you need to call an ambulance urgent.
Lastly, shortness of breath that occurs when you are at rest or with little physical activity is not natural and should be drawn to the attention to the urgent attention of your doctor.