Discomfort or ache in any part of the leg can happen to anyone, and it can vary from a dull pain to an intense stabbing tingling sensation. Most leg pain occurs because of overuse or a minor injury. But sometimes leg pain can be a manifestation of underlying health conditions.
Here are some causes of leg pain:
1. Muscle tension and Muscle cramps
One of the prime causes of leg pain is a muscle tension that may occur after sudden physical action, for instance, after high-intensity workouts or high levels of stress or when using uncomfortable shoes. In these cases, the pain usually occurs at the end of the day and is generally felt as severe tense pain as the leg muscles contract.
Another common cause is muscle cramping, which usually happens at midnight with sudden, sharp pain and is quite common during pregnancy. Muscle cramp usually occurs when your muscles are exhausted or dehydrated. You should drink more water if you’re prone to leg cramps. Here are foods that can fight muscle cramps.
2. Poor blood circulation
Leg pain caused by poor blood circulation can happen at any time of the day due to sitting or standing in the same position for a long time. Sometimes it can be a more serious situation if it is an appearance of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which usually occurs when a small blood clot manages to prevent the blood circulation in the legs, causing pain. In this case, the pain is more often envelope in the calves (the back portion of the lower leg), and sharp pain may occur when walking.
Also, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can lead to swelling, heaviness, tingling, itching, discoloration of the legs, ankles, or feet. If you have any of these indications in addition to leg pain, you should visit your doctor.
Sciatica is a sharp shooting sensation or stabbing pain in the lower back that may provoke pain to radiate into the leg, hip, and buttocks. In this case, you will also experience a tingling, burning sensations, numbness, or weakness in the legs, and the pain may become worse when you sit, sneeze, or even cough. These are the unexpected signs of sciatica.
4. Shin splints
This is one of the common causes of leg pain. This pain occurs in the front of the leg or knee due to the overuse of the bone tissue, muscles, and tendons caused by rapidly increasing exercise or activity. In these situations, the pain usually occurs with tenderness and mild swelling in your lower leg. You can use an ice pack, gentle exercise including stretching and paracetamol or ibuprofen to ease the leg pain.
5. Joint problems
Especially in the elderly, leg pain can be associated with joint problems such as arthritis, gout, or osteoarthritis because as you get older, your cartilage may begin to deteriorate. In these situations, other symptoms, such as joint pain, cracking, or crunching sounds when movement, swelling, and stiffness are usually present in the lower part of the legs.
Other causes of leg pain include:
- Pregnancy due to heavy workload
- Varicose veins
- Uterine fibroid
- Nerve Damage
- Infection of the bone
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Slipped (herniated) disk
- Shin splints ( pain that occurs in the front of the leg due to overuse)
- Legs Injuries
- Vitamin deficiency
- Certain medication (like Diuretics, Beta-blockers, Antipsychotics, Statins, and Fibrates )
How to treating leg pain at home?
- Get enough sleep and rest.
- Apply ice to the painful area of your leg whenever you feel pain.
- Massage or exercise may help with leg pain, which can ease the tense leg muscles.
- Take a pain reliever, like ibuprofen or aspirin, to help alleviate ache as your leg improves.
- Eat foods that are rich in vitamins (especially calcium, potassium, magnesium, and sodium).
- Wear comfortable shoes that do not injure or cause heaviness of the feet.
If the cause of your leg pain is unknown or you experience regular, daily pain, or debilitating pain, you should consult your doctor to determine what may cause it. Because early diagnosis of conditions prevents illness progression and promotes rapid recovery.