Excess salt intake can lead to serious health problems with time. Proper salt consumption is not harmful. It provides taste, preserves the food, and is a safe source of chlorine and sodium ions that our body demands.
But, the overuse of salt can point to brain damage with prolonged high blood pressure. And clotted arteries that will cause less blood to get into the brain, leading to vascular dementia.
Drinking lots of water helps flush too much salt from your kidneys. Also, exercise will help you lose a little sodium through your sweat.
Alright, let’s get down to the side effects salt that you came here for.
1. Water retention
Fluid retention can cause your limbs, hands, feet, face, or abdomen to look swollen. When you have improper stability of sodium and potassium in your body, you will start to see this type of problems.
When you ingest too many salts, your kidneys will not release enough water in the urine. Therefore, you will experience edema or swelling in several parts of your body.
2. Kidney diseases
The kidneys serve an essential role in eliminating unwanted fluids and filtering blood. Via osmosis, the additional fluid is transferred into the bladder.
When you consume excess salt, the balance is destroyed, and your kidneys have to work harder to remove water. It can prompt higher blood pressure and after a while kidney failure.
This happens when the kidneys are no longer able to act as a filter, so they slowly poison the blood.
3. Stomach cancer
When it comes to stomach cancer, It is true that the more salt you eat, the higher your risk. Studies have shown that there is an increased risk of developing stomach cancer in those who have a diet high in salt compared to those with low salt intake.
There are two ideas for this. First, more extra salt can increase the prospect of persistent H. pylori infection. What does it mean H. pylori infection? This is a bacterial infection that causes stomach ulcers and chronic inflammation.
Secondly, it is believed that salt can irritate the lining of the stomach, creating inflammation, whereas this makes the stomach more vulnerable to carcinogenic substances in food and vessels. I hope you understand why to oversalt is terrible for you.
4. Thickened your arteries
As you might as well know, when you live with high blood pressure caused by extreme salt consumption, It put pressure on your arteries.
To deal with this strain, the walls of your arteries become thicker and harder, decreasing the arteries elasticity and leaving less opening in the arteries.
This causes the arteries of breaking and clogging. The blockages can cause injuries to other organs as they are left with less oxygen.
5. Heart diseases
You have probably heard the saying that salt is bad for your heart.
As mentioned earlier, when your blood pressure is aggravated by overeating salt, it can damage your heart arteries. This will mean that a slight reduction in blood flow to the heart.
Your heart will not be able to work correctly because of not a good supply of nutrients and oxygen. You may have chest pain when you are physically active.
Over time, the damage can become so severe that some part of your heart could fail, causing a heart attack. Reducing the magnitude of salt in your food will also reduce your blood pressure.
Osteoporosis is a bone ailment that occurs when the body density and quality of bone are reduced.
Your body reabsorbs calcium that is stored in your bones to sustain blood calcium levels. Excessive salt intake can increase the amount of sodium in the body, causing calcium to be excreted in the urine.
While all foods have some natural sodium, it is found that table salt is the real culprit of this problem.
Eating more salt is associated with an increase in the risk of obesity.
Salt can affect your metabolic rate of the body.
When consumed too much, the ability to absorb fats will be impaired. But it is essential to keep in mind that there is no connection between decreasing salt intake and weight loss.
8. Inflammation and autoimmune diseases
Yale researchers found that mice that ate a high salt diet ended up with very inflammatory cells, causing the decomposition of the defense system in the body. Then they developed autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
It is thought that this can only be preventive and that reducing sodium intake will not reverse an autoimmune condition.