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Signs of Fat-Soluble Vitamins A, D, and K Deficiency You Are Probably Ignoring

Vitamins are essential micronutrients needed for the proper workings of our organs and systems. There are two groups of vitamins: Fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins.

Fat-Soluble Vitamins: are easily absorbed by the body when there is dietary fat. They are also stored in the fat cells of the body. Therefore too much can be stored in the fat cells and cause hypervitaminosis.

Mayor Boss is here to help you recognize the signs and symptoms of fat-soluble Vitamins A, D, E,K deficiency early on, so you can be able to improve your overall well-being right away. So without further delay, let’s see the vitamins.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A ( is constitutes of retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, provitamin A carotenoids): Vitamin A promotes good eyesight, growth, and development of skeletal and soft tissue, the health of the mucous membrane, skin, and teeth.

The normal daily recommended amount of  fat-soluble Vitamin A is 700mcg (micrograms) in women and 900mcg in men.

Foods rich in Vit A are sweet potatoes, cantaloupe, lettuce, bell peppers, broccoli, fish (tuna), carrots.

Signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency:

  • Night blindness
  • Dry skin
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Dry eyes (inability to shed tears, itchy eyes)
  • Delayed wound healing
  • Infertility
  • Stunted growth in kids.
  • Breakouts and acne

Signs and Symptoms of Hypervitaminosis of vitamin A:

  • Dizziness or feeling faint
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sensitivity to sunlight
  • Coma
  • Rough, dry, sensitive skin
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blurry vision
  • Hair loss

Vitamin D

Vitamin D (D3, aka Cholecalciferol, D2 aka ergocalciferol): Promote absorption of magnesium, phosphate, and calcium by the intestine, Increase growth, and bone mineralization. Also, Vitamin D helps maintain healthy immune function and prevent excessive inflammatory processes, Block release of parathyroid hormone in other to avoid brittle and thin bones, which could lead to fracture.

The needed recommended daily amount of fat-soluble vitamins Vit D is 400 international units (IU) for children up to 12months, 600IU for ages 1-70years old, and 800IU for people above 70years old.

How can I get vitamin D naturally? Great Vit D source is sunlight. Some foods rich in Vit D are fatty fish (tuna, mackerel, salmon), cheese, egg yolks, foods fortified with Vit D (cereals, orange juice, soy milk), Mushrooms.

Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency:

  • Osteoporosis or frequent fractures
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Bone pain
  • Back pain
  • Depression
  • Severe fatigue
  • Rickets (osteomalacia)
  • Stunted growth in kids
  • Bowlegs
  • Delayed tooth formation in kids
  • Cancer
  • The risk of death from cardiovascular diseases increases.

Signs and Symptoms of Hypervitaminosis of Vitamin D

  • Metallic taste
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Muscle weakness
  • Severe back pain
  • Bone and joint pain

Vitamin E

Vitamin E (4 tocopherols and 4 tocotrienols): Vit E is an antioxidant. It supports the immune system, protects the skin, prevent inflammation, and decrease the risk of cancer.

The recommended daily intake of fat-soluble vitamins Vit E is 15milligrams(mg) per day.

Foods rich in vitamin E are sunflower seeds, avocados, squash, kiwi, olive oil, shrimps, spinach, broccoli, almonds, wheat germ oil. It is sporadic to be deficient in Vit E, but when lacking, it creates some serious health issues.

Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin E Deficiency:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Disorientation
  • Visual problems
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Absence of deep tendon reflexes
  • Loss of ability to sense vibration
  • Muscle cramps and stiffness
  • Impaired immune function.

Signs And Symptoms of Hypervitaminosis of Vitamin E:

  • Increase the risk of developing prostate cancer
  • Cramps
  • Chronic fatigue and Weakness
  • Rash
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Risk of hemorrhagic stroke increases
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis in infants

Vitamin K

Vitamin K (Vit K 1 and Vit K 2): is a significant factor in blood clotting mechanism, bone metabolism (it improve bone strength), speed up wound healings, heals the skin, and reduces bruising and swelling.

Daily recommended intake of fat-soluble vitamins Vit K for age 19 years and above is 90mcg in women and 120mcg for men.

Foods rich in vitamin K are green leafy vegetables (kale, spinach, collards, parsley, mustard green, green leafy lettuce), cauliflower, cabbage, fish, liver, meat, eggs.

Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin K Deficiency:

Signs and Symptoms of Hypervitaminosis of Vitamin K

  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Jaundice in newborn

Vitamin K Deficiency and Hypervitaminosis are very rare.