Lyme disease is a bacterial infection disease spread to humans primarily by ticks. It can have crushing effects on your overall health. Lyme disease can provoke flu-like symptoms, swelling of the joints, and worst should happen if left untreated, it can cause brain damage and facial paralysis.
Early treatment with a single antibiotic therapy usually successfully eliminates the disease with a few weeks of medications. Most times, Lyme disease can go undiagnosed, primarily because the symptoms are complex and sneaky.
What are the symptoms of Lyme disease in humans?
After 3 to 30 days of Lyme-infected tick bite, the person may experience rash signs that appear on the skin. The lyme disease rash will look like a small round red bump or “bulls-eye” shaped that may go away after few weeks — followed by flu-like symptoms such as fatigue, headache, sore throat, chills, fever, muscle, and joint aches. Sometime the person may also experience swollen lymph nodes and stiff neck. This manifestation occurs in up to 80 percent of Lyme disease cases, says the WebMD.
In some cases, the rash and symptoms can surface after three months following being bitten by an infected tick.
These above Lyme disease symptoms may go away without proper treatment, but that doesn’t mean you’re out of this mess.
What Happens If Lyme disease goes untreated?
If left untreated, more harsh symptoms may occur later and could last from months to even years because the bacterial infection can spread to the heart, joints, and nervous system. These include:
- Heart palpitations (a condition called Lyme carditis)
- Sensitivity to light and blurry vision
- Mental confusion or inability to think straight
- Numbness, or tingling in the hands or feet
- Night sweats and sleep disturbances
- Facial paralysis (Bell’s palsy)
- Panic attacks
- Dizziness or shortness of breath
- Extreme fatigue
- Severe headaches (meningitis)
- Heart problems (slow heartbeat followed by dizziness and shortness of breath)
- Arthritis with acute muscle and joint aches
- Swollen lymph nodes
Can Lyme disease be cured?
Yes, according to the CDC, a proper course of oral antibiotics (doxycycline, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime axetil) will cure Lyme disease within a few weeks. Sometimes antibiotics are given intravenously. Early treatment is essential to prevent complications.
Lastly, talk to the doctor ASAP if you believe you develop those above symptoms within a few weeks of a tick bite so that the doctor can prescribe antibiotics for you. You know the signs already.