Sepsis is a life-threatening, dangerous condition that occurs when your body responds to infection that enters the bloodstream. it’s no joke, without being treated quickly, it can lead to tissue harm, organ failure, and even death.
People often call sepsis disease, “blood poisoning.”
What are the main causes of sepsis?
The most traditional cause of sepsis is the entry of bacteria, fungi, parasitic, or viruses into the blood, which can rapidly lead to inflammatory immune response throughout your body. Most of the time, sepsis is a complication trigger by inflammation caused by bacterial infections, according to WebMD.
Alright, let’s translate that to English, your immune system acts typically to fight continuous germs such as bacteria, fungi, microorganisms, or viruses to prevent infection. However, when your immune system stops fighting these germs, it can result in blood poisoning, also known as sepsis.
What bacteria causes sepsis?
Streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, Escherichia coli, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and other bacteria.
What are the early symptoms of sepsis?
The symptoms of sepsis may vary depending on the location on the body or primary center of infection. Usually, the first symptom of sepsis is a fast increase in heart rate way more higher than 90 beats per minute and a temperature of 39-40 degrees, including fever that can periodically be followed by chills.
In some cases, sepsis can progress to severe sepsis or septic shock, which typical alarm symptom include:
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Difficulty breathing or breathing very fast
- Severe muscle pain
- Low blood pressure
- Acting confused or slurred speech
- Loss of consciousness
- Decreased urination
- Rapid weight loss
- Pale, mottled, or clammy skin
Who is most at risk of sepsis?
Anyone can get sepsis, although certain people are at a higher chance, including the elderly 65 or older, young children, people with diabetes, lung disease, cancer, kidney infection, young children, those with a weakened immune system, or who have newly had surgery, given birth, large burns or wounds, had a miscarriage, or an abortion.
What is the best treatment for sepsis?
Typically, sepsis patients are placed in an intensive care unit (ICU), where, under they sepsis supervision of specialists. Therefore to annihilate the causative agent of the infection, antibiotics are administered intravenously. And to keep your vital organs functioning well, Intravenous fluids will be given. In some cases, vasopressor medications are given to support low blood pressure. The duration of treatment is about two weeks.
How can you prevent sepsis?
To prevent sepsis, you need to protect yourself from infection, by;
- Stay up to date with your recommended vaccines
- Always wash your hands before and after touching an open wound and
- Washing our hands always
- Practice good hygiene. Before and after eating, using the bathroom, touching pets, blowing nose or coughing
- Treat your infections early
Lastly, some sepsis signs are similar to the flu or virus symptoms. If you assume you or someone you know might have sepsis, don’t forget to check out with a doctor.