Skin cancer is a strange growth of skin cells and is considered the most common leading cause of death from skin disease.
It affects men more than it affects women, plus is also common in the elderly.
It can occur early in life by excessive sunlight exposure for extended times or a family history of skin cancer.
Other common causes include scarring from burns or disease, exposure to chemicals, and exposure to x-rays.
The three common leading types of skin cancer are:
- Basal cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma.
The most common type of deadly skin cancer is melanoma because it begins in the thicker layers of the skin, which creates enormous moles and that surface strange in both color and shape.
Basal cell carcinoma looks red, dry, and scaly. Squamous cell carcinoma looks patchy, raised, and may finally bleed.
If skin cancer is diagnosed and treated early, it is treatable, but if it is not, it has the potential to progress to the rest of the body.
Common Signs of Melanoma
The appearance of strange spots on the skin and the difference in the shape of a mole is the most apparent symptoms indicating the signs that you suffer from melanoma type of cancer.
There is a process you can recognize if moles or spots on the skin are an indication of cancer, i.e., the “ABCDE” rule:
- A for Asymmetry
- B for Border
- C for Color
- D for Diameter
- E for Evolving
Understanding the ABCDE sign marks of melanoma can benefit you find an early melanoma.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Signs
This kind of cancer appears on the skin areas that get the most sun, such as the face, neck, head, arms, legs, and, abdomen.
Some people have a higher risk of basal cell carcinoma skin cancer due to genetic predisposition, which raises the chances of suffering from UV rays and exposure to certain chemicals, such as arsenic, can influence the appearance of cancer cells.
Basal cell carcinoma is also a type of cancer that grows very slowly, usually appears as a small, pearly and flesh-colored and can be a bump or a patch of skin that is pink in color or an open sores or scabbing sore that begins to heal but never completely heal and then come back.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Signs
Squamous cell cancer is common generally seen in light-skinned people, but lesions can be seen in people who have darker skin.
Squamous seem same a scaly patch, a wound in the skin that will not heal, or like a firm, red bump on the surface of the skin.
This kind of cancer regularly affects only the skin area where it occurs because it grows into the base of tissues.
There is additionally a chance of spreading, entering into more sensitive areas and causing death.
Prevention of Skin Cancer
- Avoid excessive exposure to sunlight
- Always use a sunscreen
- You should get a skin cancer screening in your town clinic yearly, particularly if you have a family history of the disease
- People with light skin and blue eyes should be more careful, especially around the age of 50, because they are more unsafe to this disease.
Treatment of Skin Cancer
A dermatologist can treat most cases of skin cancer.
Treatment is likewise possible when skin cancer is diagnosed early. The best approach will depend on the stage and position of cancer.
The most regular treatments for skin cancer are: surgery, chemotherapy, topical therapies, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy
If a physician diagnoses melanoma early, they can remove it with lesser surgery.
Note: You should have your doctor check any unusual skin strange moles or any suspicious new skin growths.