Headache is an excruciating sensation in any part of the head. Headache is characterized by so many factors, such as:
- Pain ranging from sharp to dull.
- It can be a mild sensation of discomfort, or it can be severe.
- It can affect daily activities.
- The severity of the pain depends on the cause.
- It can be squeezing or throbbing type of headache (it can feel like you are being hit with a hard object over and over again).
- It can occur suddenly or gradually.
- It can occur on one side of the head (unilaterally) or both sides (bilaterally).
- Pain can radiate to the eyes. It can cause double vision.
- It can be persistent or short-lived.
- Headache can be associated with vomiting, nausea, confusion, high temperature, and vision difficulty.
Factors That Can Trigger Headache:
- Light (photophobia)
- Loud Sounds
- Smell of acetone
The three most common cause of headache
There are different types of headaches, but the most common three types are:
Migraines are headaches that cause throbbing in one part of the head with varying intensity of pain that is often associated with nausea, sensitivity to light, and sensitivity to sounds. Migraines are usually triggered by:
- Certain kinds of smell, for instance, the smell of nail polish.
- Hormonal changes
- Certain foods and drinks
- Exercise and physical overexertion
- Poor sleeping habits/lack of sleep
- Poor posture
- Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
- Jet lag
Migraines typically last for about 4 – 72 hours and can occur several times a week or once a year. Migraines tend to run in families, and you have a 50% chance of suffering from migraine if one of your parents have it.
What is the best cure for migraine?
Migraines can be managed with :
- Avoiding triggering factors
- Stress management
- Diet modifications
2. Cluster headaches
Cluster headaches are headaches that happen in patterns or clusters. They are characterized by:
- Bouts of Frequent attacks that are also known as cluster periods.
- They may last from weeks to months and follow by long periods of relief, which may last for months or years.
- They are not triggered by anything.
What is the best treatment for cluster headaches?
The cause of cluster headache is unknown; therefore, management techniques involve management of symptoms as see fit:
- Pain medications can be used for the pain
- Oxygen therapy can be used in a patient who is struggling to breathe with intense head pain and require fast relief.
- IV Octreotide.
3. Tension headaches
Tension-type headaches: is mild to moderate pain that is felt on both sides of the head, and it is often described as having a tight band around the head. Tension headache can be triggered by poor sleep, cold temperature, staring at screens after a long day of work, poor posture, and stress.
How do you get rid of tension headaches fast?
Tension headaches are associated with muscle pain. Therefore management includes:
- Application of ice or heat to sore muscles
- Practicing good posture
- Stress management
- NSAIDs and analgesics (ibuprofen, naproxen, and paracetamol).
- Engaging in good physical exercise
- Drink lots of water